The Scottish Independence Referendum: What? When? Why? Pros? Cons?

First of all, let me state the following: I am a Scottish male currently living outside of the UK. I was born in Falkirk and I oppose the bids for Scottish Independence for the logistical reasons tied to separating a country bound in union for over 300 years.


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During the last 50 years or so, the South of England has, politically, staggered further and further towards the right (Conservative or ‘Tory’ as they are often nicknamed) whilst Scotland has been static and mostly mid-left-wing (Labour).

Conversely, there are substantially more people in Southern England than in Scotland. This results in Scotland voting tremendously against a conservative government, yet due to the population differences, the conservative government wins by a landslide.

Whilst residents are usually either ‘for’ or ‘against’ the constitutional changes, cries for Scottish Independence have raised a third, more mutual option, known as “Devo Max”

Devo Max entails Scotland remaining part of the UK, but with the Scottish parliament would have considerably increased powers including tax-raising. Defence and Foreign policy would remain with Westminster. Although the SNP do not support this option, they are aware that many Scots prefer it to independence or status quo, and so are willing to include it as a preference in the referendum.

Conservatives and Labour are explicitly condemning its inclusion as they claim the matter should be a straight "yes" or "no".  


Scottish IndependenceIf Scotland were to become Independent, would the changes be radical or would this be a slow and exhaustive transition period for both the United Kingdom and the ‘new’ country Scotland.

Possible changes in business:

Aside from Scottish Water, Scottish Gas, Bank of Scotland and a few other examples – would Scotland be create an Airline infrastructure? Having what is deemed to be the de-facto “National” airline, British Airways, would probably not suffice?

The UK is a part of the EU (European Union) and so breaking away from the UK can also cost Scotland. Should Scotland decide they wish to remain part of the EU, they would have to begin the process and apply as another country.

Scotland would no longer be in the UK – and so therefore their own postal service would have to be established as they would not be under Royal Mail and posting to and from Scotland would suddenly be considered “international postage”.

Recent opinion polls show around 40% of people living in Scotland solidly support independence, around 20% support status quo, and 40% are in favour of Devo Max. (these figures are pretty volatile).

PUBLIC OPINION (via Ipsos Mori)




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About Author



As founder and editor-in-chief, Cask J. Thomson has exhausted his life as a graphics designer, political activist, freedom of speech advocate, anti-censorship promoter and a published author of several computer science books and a graphic novel. As well as running the publishing company linked to WordMean, Cask has several aspirations as a musician, producer and journalist. Thomson was born in the United Kingdom and currently resides between Sydney, Australia and Alicante, Spain.